Architecture (Egyptian, Asiatic,Early American, Greek, Roman, Christian, Byzantine, Gothic. Renaissance and Anglo-Saxon Collections) Illustrated pictures
MRS. ARTHUR BELL
内容Architect Books from the Author of "THE ELEMENTARY HISTORY OF ART," "MASTERPIECES OF THE GREAT ARTISTS," "REPRESENTATIVE PAINTERS OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY," ETC. --- Mrs. Arthur Bell
Part of the book:
It is only when a building entirely fulfils the purpose for which it is intended and bears the impress of a genuine style that it takes rank as a work of architecture. This definition, exclusive though it at first sight appears, brings within the province of the art every structure which combines with practical utility beauty of design and execution, from the humblest cottage to the most dignified temple or palace. Suitability of material and harmony with its surroundings are among the minor factors that give to a building vitality of character and contribute to its enduring value, a value enhanced by its reflection of the needs and aspirations of those by whom and for whom it was erected.
Wood appears to have been the earliest material used for the building of a home when out-of-door dwellings took the place of the caves that were the first shelters of primitive man. At Joigny in France there still exist examples of what are supposed to be the most ancient of all such dwellings, namely circular holes, locally known as buvards, in which the trunk of a tree had been fixed, the branches plastered over with clay forming the roof of a simple but rain-proof refuge. Huts of wattle and hurdle work dating from prehistoric times have also been preserved, some rising from the ground, others from platforms resting on piles sunk in the beds of lakes. These were in their time superseded by stronger structures, with walls made of squared beams piled up horizontally and fastened together at the corners with wooden pegs; the roof being formed of roughly sawn planks. Out of such primeval houses as these were evolved in the course of centuries the picturesque half-timbered cottages of mediæval Europe and the quaint wooden churches of Norway such as the characteristic one at Hitterdal.
This kindle edition is illustrated new color pictures for reader's reference. All chapters has TOC linkage for easy navigation.
All stories comprise of:
Introduction: What Architecture is—Materials
employed—Definition of distinctive features of
the two main styles, Trabeated and Arcuated
I.Egyptian, Asiatic, and Early American Architecture
IV.Early Christian Architecture
V.Byzantine and Saracenic Architecture
VII.Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman Architecture
VIII.Gothic Architecture in Europe
IX.Gothic Architecture in Great Britain
X.Renaissance Architecture in Europe
XI.Renaissance Architecture in Great Britain